December 28, 2020


More information on the extended CTRS … and farewell for the year 2020 …

The amendments to the CTRS Regs that came into effect last week are small in number and most of the procedures will be familiar to most readers by now.  However, there are a couple of things about the CTRS Regs 3.0 that are worth noting.

First, a consolidated version of the COVID-19 Omnibus (Emergency Measures) (Commercial Leases and Licences) Regulations 2020 (Vic) reflecting the amendments as at 22 December 2020 is now available on the Victorian Government website here:

Thanks to Gary Prince for sending that link to me this afternoon.

Secondly, the OSBC’s website has been updated to reflect the CTRS Regs 3.0. 

The OSBC’s FAQs are available here:

The website contains the basic information that landlords and tenants require when dealing with a request for further rent relief.

I believe the OSBC’s website also has an updated precedent letter for requesting rent relief for the period 1 January 2021 to 28 March 2021 that tenants can use to expedite the process.

Thirdly, there is an argument that a request for rent relief made on or before 31 December 2020 allows a tenant to seek rent relief based on its figures from the last completed quarter (ie the quarter ending September 2020).  For many tenants, those figures will show a greater downturn than trade figures over the quarter ending December 2020.  However, the argument is not available if tenants make the request on or after 1 January 2021 and a request made on or after 1 January 2021 would be based on December quarter figures.

The argument has not been tested yet, and questions of statutory interpretation like this are notoriously difficult.  However, it would be prudent for a tenant to make an application now to at least leave the argument open.

Fourthly, as with the second version of the CTRS Regulations, a request for rent relief for the period ending 28 March 2021 only gives the tenant an entitlement to rent relief from the date of the request – it does not operate retrospectively.  Consequently, if the tenant makes a request on 15 January 2021, the tenant is only entitled to rent relief from 15 January to 28 March 2021, not from 1 January 2021.  Again, this is a good reason for tenants to make their request for rent relief before the end of the year (or as early as possible in 2021).

Finally, I would like to thank all of my subscribers for your support over the last hair-raising year.  Special thanks go to Justice Croft, to Alan Wein (mediator and retail guru), to Mark Schramm (from the Office of the Small business Commission) and to Jamie Bedelis, Malwina Peacock, Paul Nunan and Peter Lowenstern (all from the Law Institute of Victoria’s Leases Committee), who have been an amazing source of information and discussion as the law has emerged and evolved this year.  I’m sure we are all looking forward to a much calmer and more stable 2021.  

Happy New Year everyone!

December 22, 2020


CRTS extension has been gazetted and published

The new regulations extending the CTRS to 28 March 2021 have now been published and gazetted.

A copy of the new regulations is available here:

The Gazette entry is available here:

The new regulations appear to simply amend the end date of the existing regulations from 31 December 2020 to 28 March 2020.

It might take a few days to work through any kinks that arise as a result of the amendments and I will post anything as and when it comes to hand.

For now, I think it would be prudent for tenants who are still tenants of eligible leases to make a fresh request for rent relief from their landlords for the period 1 January 2021 to 28 March 2021 before the year end, bearing in mind that:

1. the tenant’s previous request probably only applies to the period ending 31 December 2020; and

2. applications under the current version of the regulations only operate from the date the request is made.

Another issue is whether the tenant’s application for rent relief for the period 1 January 2021 to 28 March 2021 needs to be based on its financials for the quarter ending 31 December 2020 or whether the tenant can rely on the previous quarter’s financials. The amendments have only just been published, so I haven’t had a chance to work through that yet – and the kids need dinner! I will post something about this as soon as I get a chance to work through the amendments more fully.

In the meantime, given the proximity to Christmas, it might be worthwhile for tenants of eligible leases to contact their accountants tomorrow and request an expedited set of December 2020 quarter financials, just in case…

Thanks to Mark Schramm for alerting me to the Regs being passed.

December 11, 2020


Breaking news – the CTRS in Victoria is to be extended…

The following was posted on the Minister Pulford’s Facebook page about an hour or two ago (emphasis added):

So many small businesses have done an amazing job to get through a tough year – and they’re looking to a strong recovery and a very different 2021.

We’ve been proud to stand with businesses and our support does not end with the closing of 2020.

The existing Commercial Tenancy Relief Scheme will be extended to provide support for small businesses that need it – to 28 March 2021 and in line with the Mandatory Code agreed by National Cabinet.

That means freezes on rent increases and bans on evictions for eligible small businesses that have requested rent relief will continue until that date.

Commercial landlords are required to provide rent relief in proportion to the tenant’s fall in turnover while the Victorian Small Business Commission is on hand to provide free mediation to resolve disputes.

Support for landlords will also be extended.
Commercial tenants and landlords can get more information at

The Ministers Facebook page is here:

I will post more details as they come to hand.

December 3, 2020


Materials on COVID-19 and residential tenancies in Victoria

My good friends David Lloyd, Bill Rimmer and Antony Berger have recently presented an online CPD through Greens List about COVID-19 and residential tenancies.

Attached to this post is a copy of their excellent paper and PowerPoint presentation that readers of this blog might find useful.

I expect that a video recording of their CPD will soon be posted on Greens List’s website (see

November 5, 2020


First VCAT decision about the CTRS…

The first decision that I have seen from VCAT about the CTRS has been published today. The facts are very similar in substance to the Sneakerboy case.

The tenant operates a Chinese buffet restaurant and its trade was adversely affected by COVID-19 as early as January 2020. It fell into rent arrears and the landlord terminated the lease for non-payment of rent on 27 March 2020.

The tenant argued that the lease was an eligible lease under the CTRS and that it was protected from re-entry by reg 9 of the Regulations. Member Kincaid rejected that argument to the basis that the lease was terminated on 27 March 2020 and the CTRS was not in effect at that time, so could not have prohibited the re-entry.

In the alternative, the tenant sought relief from forfeiture. The tenant argued that relief from forfeiture should take into account the tenant’s entitlement to rent relief under the CTRS. However, Member Kincaid rejected that argument and required the tenant to pay all rent payable under the lease as a condition of the grant of relief from forfeiture, holding that (omitting footnotes):

72.      I accept the evidence of the applicant’s director Mr Chi to the effect that the applicant is enrolled in the JobKeeper Scheme, and that Mr Chi is an “eligible business participant” engaged in the business of the applicant and entitled to receipt of the Jobkeeper payment. I also accept for present purposes that the applicant qualifies for the JobKeeper Scheme, as “carrying on business” in Australia on 1 March 2020 notwithstanding the respondent having taken possession of the premises on 27 February 2020.

73.      However, in regard to the applicant’s obligation to pay rent and other amounts in arrears as a condition of the granting of relief against forfeiture, I find that there is no serious question as to whether the applicant is entitled to take advantage of the rent relief provisions contained in the Covid-19 legislation. I accept the respondent’s submission that the lease is not an “eligible lease” within the meaning of section 13 of the Act because, for the reasons I have found, there is no serious question as to whether it was in effect on 29 March 2020. The applicant will therefore not, in my view, be entitled to any rent relief or relief from and liabilities under the Covid-19 legislation. 

Unfortunately, it appears that Member Kincaid’s attention was not drawn to the Sneakerboy decision, discussed here, in which Robb J in the NSW Supreme Court held that the grant of relief from forfeiture revives the lease and that the tenant whose lease is terminated before the Code was published is still entitled to rent relief over the period after termination but before relief from forfeiture is granted.

A copy of VCAT’s decision is available here:

October 18, 2020


Double win for the Tigers and a win for tenants in the Court of Appeal

On the same day as the Richmond Tigers secured a berth in the Grand Final, the Court of Appeal handed the Tiges another important win that has implications for the retail tenancies market generally. 

The Court of Appeal on Friday has upheld Croft J’s decision in  Richmond Football Club Ltd v Verraty Pty Ltd [2019] VSC 597 discussed here.  

The Court of Appeal’s decision can be found at Verraty Pty Ltd v Richmond Football Club Ltd [2020] VSCA 267 (16 October 2020) and has a number of aspects.  

First, the part of the decision with immediate practical impact is that a tenant cannot have a ‘late exit’ from or ‘jump out of’ the Retail Leases Act 2003 (Vic) during the term of the lease.  This is important, as it means that the landlord and tenant of a lease that started its life as a retail premises lease can rely on the lease remaining under the Act throughout its term.

Secondly, my friend Paul Duggan has also written a useful post on the Court of Appeal’s decision here. Paul has also made the following point (emphasis added):

It is less clear whether a lease can ‘jump’ upon renewal of a lease. For example, ‘retail premises’ under the Act exclude premises whose tenants are listed on the ASX. Despite this, Verraty suggests that the retail premises lease for a ‘Mum and Dad’ business will continue to be a retail premises lease even where the tenants sell their business and assign their lease to an ASX-listed company during the life of that lease. So if that ASX-listed assignee then exercises an option to renew the lease, what is the status of the resulting further term? Croft J implies the answer depends on the terms of the lease involved. The Court of Appeal does not express a view.

Thirdly, the Court of Appeal said this (at [90], emphasis added):

In our view, acceptance of the Landlord’s construction — that the Act ceases to apply once the premises are no longer retail premises — necessarily means that cls 5.2(b) and 15.1(b)(i) (rendered void pursuant to ss 50 and 35(3), respectively) would apply and operate as originally intended and negotiated by the parties.  The Act rendered the clauses void but if (contrary to our conclusion under proposed grounds 1–3) the Act no longer applies, as contended by the Landlord, there would be no reason why the clauses, negotiated by the parties and otherwise applicable, should not continue to operate.  It is no answer to say that once the clauses are void they cannot be revived.  Rather, they would only be void in particular circumstances and if those circumstances did (hypothetically) cease to exist, there would be no reason why the clauses should continue to be void.  Although the relevant provisions of the Act operate directly and expressly on the retail premises lease, as the Tenant contends, so as to displace the express terms of the lease, it is only as a consequence of the application of the Act to the lease.  If (hypothetically) the Act no longer applied to the lease, plainly, its provisions would no longer operate on it.  

This is a paragraph that has already sparked debate within the leasing community.  For my part, I think that all we can conclude at this stage is that a clause rendered void when the RLA 2003 applied to it will not be void if the Act stops applying.  However, we may need more litigation before we know with certainty whether and when either the Act, or clauses rendered void by the Act, apply to a renewal.

October 7, 2020


Link to Abi and my recent CPD on the Amending Regulations

Abilene Singh and I did a webinar CPD on Monday about the Amending Regulations.

For those who missed it but want to see the video, it is available here:

The overheads from the presentation are also available if readers want them here:

October 3, 2020


There is not enough fun in legal practice!

Master Sanderson in the Supreme Court of Western Australia has taken a small step to remedy this. I think we need more judgments like this one…

The case has nothing to do with the law of landlord and tenant, but it so well written that I had to share it.

I genuinely think it is up there with Lord Denning’s famous decision about the cricket field …

And the decision by an ACT Supreme Court Judge who was asked to decide on the balance of probabilities whether he had fallen asleep during the trial …

Each decision is recommended reading for all lawyers.

October 2, 2020



An email has been circulating from the Victorian Small Business Commission to tenants about the operation of the Amending Regulations under the CTRS that readers of this blog will be interested in. The text of the VSBC’s email (with hyperlinks from the original email) reads as follows:

 Dear tenant

The Victorian Government has extended the Commercial Tenancy Relief Scheme (the Scheme) so that tenants can request rent relief between 29 September to 31 December 2020 (the extended period).

To request rent relief in the extended period you must write to your landlord and provide further information that fully complies with the requirements of the extended Scheme.

During the extended period:

1.         A tenant is only entitled to rent relief from the date they make a written application to their landlord that contains all of the required information. For example, if a tenant requests rent relief on 1 October 2020 but does not provide all of the necessary information until 15 October 2020, then their landlord is only obliged to make a rent relief offer from 15 October 2020. 

2.         If you have already applied to the VSBC or your landlord prior to 29 September for rent relief that spans a period before and after this date, you should consider immediately making another written rent relief application to the landlord ensuring that you provide all the information required under the extended Scheme. This action is strongly advised because it is unlikely that a rent relief application made before 29 September 2020 for a period after this date will have complied with the requirements of the extended Scheme. 

3.         A commercial landlord is required to offer rent relief that is in proportion to the fall in turnover experienced by their eligible tenant. For example, if a tenant’s turnover has fallen by 40 per cent, the required rent relief is to be at least 40 per cent of the tenant’s current rent, with at least 50 per cent of the rent relief made up of a rent waiver. To apply for rent relief for October to December 2020, it is not necessary to wait for turnover information for those months.

The Victorian Small Business Commission’s (VSBC) website includes the information a tenant must provide to their landlord when requesting rent relief and a letter template that tenants can use in making a rent relief request.

If you have any questions,please contact the VSBC. If you have a dispute about rent relief, please apply to the VSBC for help in resolving the matter through free mediation.

September 30, 2020


Consolidated Amending Regulations published

An updated version of the CTRS Regulations have now been published that incorporate the Amending Regulations that were published yesterday. These will be much easier to read. A copy is available here:

Thanks tp Gary Prince for sending me this link.